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Policies That Need to be Strengthened in Low-Carbon Development

Senin, 08 November 2021 | 00.21 WIB

DHEAN.NEWS JAKARTA - Bappenas has carried out exercises to achieve Indonesia’s Net Zero Emissions. There are several scenarios to achieve Net Zero Emission in Indonesia based on the year’s choice: 2045, 2050, or 2060. 

Government is very carefully considering selected year in achieving Net Zero Emissions. Because, this will have implications for development pattern and policy choices that must be implemented.

To support the achievement of Net Zero Emissions, several existing low-carbon development policies need to be reinforced. 

First, the energy sector needs to be less energy-intensive while also accelerating the transition towards renewable energy and electric vehicles. 

Second, technology plays an important role in the Net Zero Emissions scenario. One policy that is considered as leverage is the implementation of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and shifting to hydrogen fuel.  

Third, the land sector needs to preserve carbon sinks through forest and peatland reforestation, mangrove rehabilitation, deforestation prevention, and fires prevention. 

Fourth, the waste sector needs to rethink resource and waste management by implementing circular economy principles while also designing sustainable waste management. 

In addition, fiscal policies to support this Net Zero Emission are also important. The fiscal policies include eliminating fuel subsidies and starting to implement a carbon tax.